Running Terms Clarifying – 101 Running Snake Terms and Definitionsadmin
Running terms and their snake bumps have become a common language for me since I started running in 2006. But if I try to explain what runners are to a Person who does not run, I get a blank disorder or disbelief. Yes, there's really something like bloody nipples. No, a fartlek is not how it sounds. A runner's high is an euphoric world. Below is a list of running terms to help explain what crazy runners do every day, from training exercises to ultra races and injuries to treatments.
Running Terms Explained
] Running Terms for Shoes
- Flats – Track shoes built for quick walking. Flats can also confirm spikes.
- Rock Plate – Part of a trail running shoe that offers more protection when you rock on rocks.
Minimal shoes – Mimic the natural step and footstop of walking barefoot.
- Barefoot – Barefoot running is designed to mimic natural footsteps and footsteps. Runners now have the possibility of a lot of minimalistic or five-finger shoes, but some are also walking barefoot.
- Stability Shoe – Usually a heavier shoe designed to increase the medial support, which can increase the foot and lower leg. This should in turn reduce the amount of pronation in the foot.
Conditions for the faster being
- Fartlek – Training method where runners speed up for a short time and slow back to a jog. This kind of training can happen over many miles.
- Repetitions – Training sessions that consist of multiple distances multiple times. For example, 4×1 mile would run four, a mile repeats with a rest in between. Target every repeat on or around the same round time.
- Interval Training – Type of training using high intensity (HI) segments with low intensity segments (LI). For example, after warming up, 30 seconds HI with 60 seconds LI, 60 seconds HI with 60 seconds LI, 45 seconds HI with 45 seconds LI. Distances of intervals vary by training objective.
- Ladder Workout – Type interval training that begins with a lower distance and increase the next interval at a specified distance and typically retroactively at the same specified distances. For example, intervals of 200, 400, 800, 1200, 800, 400 and 200 meters run at target speed.
- Tempo Run – Type of training course with a stable pace of 20 to 30 seconds slower than the marathon target pace and 8 to 13 miles.
- Long run time – Depending on the distance a rider is training for, a long round 16-28 miles may be for a marathon or 30 to 50 for an ultrasound.
- Doubles – A running term to describe how twice a day is performed.
Other Conditions for Training
- Strength Training – Training that includes runner-specific weight-lift routines to become stronger and more efficient.
- Deliberate Practice – Purposeful practice is a term that is perceived by K. Anders Ericsson, a psychologist at Florida State University, referring to the practice that includes the goals, develops skills, and corrects errors. The effort is so mental as it is physical.
- Taper – Easy running and a rest for a race. This period can start two or three weeks before the match date.
- Chi Run – Type of race designed with the principles of relaxation, attitude and mindfulness of Tai Chi.
- Simulator Run – Term signed by Team Hansons Brooks, in which a runner will perform a 26.2k (16 mile) training race at their marathon pace, prior to their taper period. Hanson Brooks studies have shown that if a runner can hit their target pace for 16 miles, when the muscles are tired, they could run the same speed during a marathon after their taper. Hanson Brooks has two marathoners who make the Olympic team. One in 2008 and one in 2012.
- Dress Rehearsal – Run a good workout while wearing clothes and shoes, eat the same food and drink the same liquids as expected on the racing day. This will help to build trust and test everything that can be a question.
- LSD – No, not the popular drug of 1960. LSD stands for long, slow distance runs. For beginners this ride can be 5 miles. For more advanced runners, LSD can range from 18 to 30 miles. As training for an ultramarathon from 65 to 100 miles, some runners can go 50 miles on their LSD.
- Height training – Training for several weeks at heights above 8000 ft. Runners who use this type of training can adapt to the relative oxygen loss in one or more ways, such as raising the mass of red blood cells and hemoglobin. The result can be faster at races at or near sea level.
- Walk breaks – exactly as it sounds, this current term was popularized by marathon legend Jeff Galloway.
- Simple run – Recovery drive at least two minutes per mile slower than target speed.
- Negative – Run the second part of a course faster than the first.
Running Terms for Supplements and Stations
- Gels – Quick source of carbohydrate energy that comes in individual packages. Runners usually eat one every 30 to 45 minutes during a race.
- Glycogen – Long carbohydrate molecules that are made and stored in the cells of the liver and the muscles. Glycogen is the secondary long term energy source.
- Carb loading – Period prior to a race when riders fall on protein and fat and increase their carbohydrates to increase glycogen storage.
- Fuel – Fuel can come from various sources, such as gels, food and electrolyte replacement drinks.
- Buffet – Ultra-running auxiliary station.
- Auxiliary Station – Station during a race where water, gels, electrolyte drinks and / or food are given to runners.
Running Terms for Injuries
- Chaff – Chaffing happens around the armpits or between the legs when the skin is irritated by friction.
- Chapped – If the inside of your legs becomes painful with a burning sensation due to the friction of repetitive motion. There are many other similar running terms to describe this, but chapping and chaffing are the most common.
- Dead toes – perhaps the most painful running terms. Dead nails have become black and have blisters.
- Walking knee – Knee pain around the knee guard. Usually more noticeable when you bump or bend.
- Runners toes – Black toe nails or toes that have lost nails due to the pressure and repetitive friction of shoes on the toes.
- RICE – Rest, Ice, Compression, Raised. To recover from injury.
- DOMS – Extended Muscle Pain. This is the pain days after training or races. Some specially designed supplement formulas help reduce this.
- Bloody nipples – Prevention that happens when the friction of a shirt and nipple rubs over a long breed.
- IT Band – Outside the knee strap that can cause pain in excessive use (also known as Iliotibial band).
- Running proud – With a stomach wind and during the race have a bowel movement. This is one of the running terms that would only be useful to a runner who has experienced it.
- Lactic acid – Acid by-product of metabolism that builds into muscles and blood during muscle exercises. It is noted when muscles begin to burn and / or hurt, and can also lead to a feeling of breathing or tachycardia.
- Stitching – side pain. Steaks usually go away with a bit slower, deep breathing.
Running Terms for a Track
- Quarter – A round around a track.
- The oval – Another name for a number.
- Lanes – railways. There are six on standard tracks.
- Track – A track is a six lane surface and is 400 meters in the distance for one lap of the inner lane.
Running Terms for Types of Runners
- Horse – Runner that never goes out.
- Rabbit Runner – A runner who sets a goal for other runners, so they can get a better time. Rabbits usually leave the race for the end. In some cases, especially during a marathon, rabbits may decide to complete.
- Pace Runner – A pace runner can be one of the most important conditions for someone who qualifies for the Boston Marathon. In a pace group, runners can stay at a desired target.
- Masters – Division classified by a certain age. In some races, that age starts at 40, where when others start at 50.
- Streaker – No, not Will Ferrell in the old school. This term refers to a runner who has completed the same race for several years in the same row.
- Clydesdale – Male distribution of 200 + lbs. Runners.
- Athena – Division of female runners over a certain weight. That weight ranges from 140 to 150 pounds.
- Bandit Runner – A runner who has not officially registered for a race, but it does.
- Forerunner – A runner who does not like to get back and put the pace. Steve Prefontaine was a great forerunner – http://youtu.be/GjvHHwLHqc8
Running Conditions for Events or Races
- Ultra Marathon – Ongoing event that is more than 26.2 miles. The most common events are 50k races through mountain trails. Other events include 50 miles, 100 k and 100 mile races. There is also an occasional race that is over 100 miles.
- Stadium Race – Event when the riders race on a course at any given time. These competitions usually range from 10 to 26 miles per segment, and expire over several days. Some events even drive runners to carry their own necessities.
- Hill Climb Event – Hill climbs range from 5 to 13 or so miles. Climbing usually has very few flat or descending sections. In Europe it is known as Sky Running.
- Relay – Type of race that is multi-day and usually covers 100 to 200+ miles with teams of 6 to 12 runners.
- Obstacle Racing – New trend of races, including walking in mud, climbing rope, walls or ladders, barbed wire and high altitude jumps.
- Adventure races – Races that usually include racing, canoeing, orienting and cycling. These events also take place in a few days.
- Marathon – 26.2 miles or 42 kilometers
- Runner's High – An euphoric mental condition causes when the body's endorphins kick either in the end of a race or afterwards.
- K – One kilometer is a metric unit of distance equivalent up to.62 miles. For example, 5k equals 3.1 miles.
- Single track – A mountain track formed in a track.
- Fire Roads – Unpaved, off-road sections of a trail race used to create a course.
- Black Diamond Trail – Ranking for a very difficult route.
- VO2 – VO2 max is the maximum amount of oxygen an athlete can use during intensive exercises.
- Hamster Wheel – Another name for a treadmill.
- Doodmarsch – Usually at the end of a marathon or longer race, when the body and mind have reached a limit and the runner is forced to walk or shake.
- Form – Perfect running shape contains main slope, shoulders, arms, torso, hips, leg lining and ankles / feet.
- Cadence – The number of steps per minute.
- The Wall – One of my favorite running terms. The invisible wall that runners can experience at the end of a race due to lack of energy and possibly training. There is no other way to make the sense of "wall strike" & # 39; To imitate.
- Supination – Supination is the excessive outward rolling movement of the foot and ankle during a walking step.
- Gait – A series of foot movements that bring the runners forward.
- Shorty's – Genuine short pants.
- PR – A personal record for distance or time at a particular breed.
- Out-and-Back – A run of race that drives one way to a certain point, then reversed to the starting point.
- Point-to-point – a course that begins and ends at different locations. Usually in a line. Boston Marathon is considered a point-to-point.
- Ice bath – Fill a bath with ice and cold water or use a cool stream or more to pick your legs in. The effect that the cold has on recovery is to reduce inflammation by narrowing blood vessels.
- Endorphins – a by-product of "runners high". Endorphins are neurotransmitters, chemicals that transmit signals from one neuron to the next, giving us a happy feel.
- Chip device used to help timers during a race.
- Bib – Which runners wear during a race, contains racing number and sometimes a name.
- Bonk – Like the wall, this is a point during a training run or race where a runner is tired of a low glycogen.
- Baby Steps – When a runner is extremely tired, they may need to follow very short steps to continue.
- Packaging – Packaging can be used to carry gels, hydration packages and / or electrolyte replacement tabs, such as NUUN. The latest style of packages are ultra-small vests that can carry multiple water bottles and have storage for small coats and gels.
- Ghost mile (s) – Miles that seem to be fast and hard to remember. Kind of a ghost.
- Markers – In the race, markers are typically flags attached to trees. A road race will use a mile label or flag as the marker.
- Hiking trails – Races that run all or usually on landpaths, or in the mountains or sometimes on dirt sections of old railway routes.
- FOMO (Fear of Missing) – In a training course or race in fear to not maximize fitness or performance. If runners choose to bet by FOMO, overtraining may occur.
- Overtrain training – Exercise too much or burn out, injury or both.
- The Zone – Time in a race like all of energy levels and how the body feels makes you feel forever walking.
- Vitamin I – Ibuprofen, and one of the best and most necessary running terms.
- Switchback – Section single track trail that goes straight up a hill, zig-zag up.
- LT (milk threshold) – A point during an all-out exercise exercise where lactic acid flows faster in the blood than the body can expel. Specific training can help the body to remove lactic acid faster.
- RE (running economy) – The measure of how efficiently a runner uses oxygen at a specific rate.
- Corral – Starting location for runners based on time or other criteria. Mostly used in bigger, busier races.
- Overpronation -.When the foot rolls come in on foot.
- Set up – As a runner or runners, use the leader to block the wind and to run more efficiently.
- Sleeves – Arm or leg sleeves. Arm sleeves are used to keep the runners warm without wearing an extra shirt. Leg muscles help bone circulation that helps in recovery.
- Split – Split can be time per shot or time per mile.
- DNF – Unfinished. One of the running terms that no rider ever wants to see next to their name.
This list of current terms is a compilation of the language I have learned in recent years that never meant to be, but now perfect. Hopefully, this helps in understanding some of the most crazy running terms out there.